- Start dateFebruary 1, 2022
- Runtime12 months
- ContactCarol Xiao
- Project leader
- Hans van ‘t Noordende
The European Green Deal envisions a CO2-neutral Europe in 2050. Large-scale green hydrogen production by water electrolysis plays an important role in realizing this goal. There are multiple technology options to split water into hydrogen and oxygen. Alkaline water electrolysis (AWE) and PEM are the most advanced available technology options, but in the long-term solid oxide electrolysis cells (SOEC) technology has great potential. To explore the upscaling potential of SOEC for the Dutch process industry, the Institute for Sustainable Process Technology (ISPT) and industry partners Air Liquide, BP, OCI initiated a new project. Through this project, we want to show the feasibility of SOEC-technology in the chemical and fuels industry.
The potential of Solid Oxide Elextrolysis
SOEC converts steam and carbon dioxide directly into hydrogen gas, carbon monoxide, and oxygen. In comparison to AWE and PEM, the technology has two main advantages:
- It has a higher conversion efficiency due to favorable thermodynamics and kinetics at higher operating temperatures.
- SOEC can be integrated with a range of existing down-stream industrial processes, which results in the generation of synthetic fuels, methanol, ammonia and recycling of captured carbon dioxide.
A solid oxide electrolyzer cell (SOEC) is a solid oxide fuel cell that runs in regenerative mode to achieve the electrolysis of water (and/or carbon dioxide) by using a solid oxide, or ceramic, electrolyte to produce hydrogen (and/or carbon monoxide) and oxygen. The technology allows high-temperature electrolysis, typically between 500 and 850 degrees C. This SOEC is very promising, but further insights are necessary to fulfil the technical and economic viability of integration in existing processes for the fuel and chemical industry.
The project aim
We want to investigate the potential of the SOEC technology on an industrial scale. Therefore, we will investigate the feasibility of integrating the SOEC technology in three different use cases:
(1) Hydrogen production in an ammonia plant,
(2) Syngas and green hydrogen integrated with blue hydrogen production and downstream e-fuels,
(3) Coal monoxide production.
For each use case the upscaling options of the SOEC technology in the industrial environment, including heat integration and retrofit integration, will be explored. We will research both the technical and economic aspects of SOEC integration, resulting in a roadmap for SOEC integration in a pilot plant.