This innovation project aims to develop two technological routes that lead to the electrification of the steam cracking process to enable the production of low-carbon olefins. The project is supported by the MOOI subsidy scheme.
Currently, the production of olefins in large-scale cracking furnaces is a prominent source of carbon emissions. Within the Netherlands alone, the emissions for cracking are 5 million ton CO2 per year, out of which our industrial partners Shell and Dow emit 68%. In the current steam cracking process, oil gasses are incinerated to achieve the high temperatures that are required for the process. Electricity from renewable sources is an alternative opportunity to fuel this process. By fueling the process with green electricity rather than fossil fuels, it is possible to reach an emission free process.
Activities in the MOOI-scheme
Within e-Missi0n MOOI the consortium works together to research two different routes that lead to the electrification of the cracking process of olefins. The first route is the drop-in solution, where the current process is used as a basis, with the aim to replace the current burner with an electrical equivalent. The second route is the development of a completely new heating concept. The latter route is more complicated, but gives us the opportunity to get rid of, or dodge current process technological barriers
With these two routes we aim to develop steam cracking technology that can convert the electrical energy towards heat, as well as an approach where we develop electrification technology that focuses on thermo-molecular physics. Simultaneously we aim to optimize the heat-integration of the oven section to reduce the energy footprint of the process.
The research done in the first route may lead to the construction and start-up of a demonstration plant in 2025, subject to investment support.
ISPT coordinates the project and investigates the requirements for system integration of preferred e-cracker concepts, connecting the dynamics of breakthrough technologies with those of utilities and infrastructure in the chemical industry, and the market through the energy transition.